People in the world are connected to at different countries and locations with the help of internet by means of Social Media. Similarly, Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances, and other electrical items embedded with electronics software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity which enable these objects to connect and exchange data. Each and every item is uniquely personalized with embedded computing system within the internet infrastructure. It includes the physical layer, network layer, and application layer of the seven network layers for communication purpose. IoT is performed in almost all companies and industries to make an effective organization.
There are many versions of internet protocol (IP) that lies at the base to build IoT. It helps to change the entire world with smart grids, virtual power plants, smart homes, smart cities, and intelligent transportation. It has a wide range of applications like in agriculture to monitor the temperature, humidity water level, etc, in energy management to monitor the power generation, energy usage, in environmental monitoring to monitor the movements of wildlife and habitats, building and home automation, medical and healthcare, as well as in transportation. These are the beneficial applications to the public and the society.